ALEMÁN, MATEO (1547–c. 1615), Spanish novelist of "New Christian" descent. He studied medicine at Salamanca and Alcalá. Always poverty-stricken, he was several times imprisoned for debt. conversos were forbidden to leave Spain, but Alemán secured permission by means of a bribe and arrived in the New World in 1608. Alemán's fame rests on one great work, the Guzman de Alfarache, the first part of which was published in 1599, the second in 1604. This is a picaresque novel marked by a skillful fusion of narrative and didactic elements. The picaresque genre was introduced in 1554 with an anonymous work called La vida de Lazarus de Tormes …. The bitterness expressed in the novel has been ascribed to its author's position as a Converso, one of whose ancestors was burned in an auto-da-fé, while some have suggested that it may merely reflect Alemán's personal disillusionment. In the novel Alemán contrasts the nobility that has possessions and power with the "ignobility" that lacks lineage and respectability. He died in Mexico. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Valbuena Prat, La Novela Picaresca Española (19462), 46–59. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. Bjornson, The Picaresque Hero in European Fiction (1977), 43–65; C.B. Johnson, Inside Guzmán de Alfarache (1978); B. Brancaforte, Guzmán de Alfarache: Conversión o proceso de degradación? (1980); M. Cavillac, Gueux et marchands dans le Guzmán de Alfarache … (1983); M. Molho, in: REJ, 144 (1985), 71–80; C. Guillén, in: El primer siglo de oro …. (1988), 177–96. (Kenneth R. Scholberg / Yom Tov Assis (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • ALEMAN, Mateo — (1547 c. 1615) Mateo Aleman was one of the great novelists of the Spanish Golden Age, primarily known for his picaresque novel Guzman de Alfarache (1597) and for the biography San Antonio de Padua (1604). Aleman was the son of a doctor assigned… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Alemán, Mateo — (baptized Sept. 28, 1547, Sevilla, Spain died с 1614, Mexico) Spanish novelist. Descended from Jews who had been forcibly converted to Roman Catholicism, he expressed many aspects of the experiences and feelings of the New Christians in 16th… …   Universalium

  • Alemán, Mateo — ► (1547 1615) Novelista barroco español. Su obra más importante es la novela picaresca La vida del pícaro Guzmán de Alfarache, obra en dos partes (primera parte: 1599 y segunda: 1604), que continúa la línea iniciada medio siglo antes con El… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mateo Alemán — (in deutsch meist: Mateo Aleman) (* 1547 in Sevilla; † um 1613 in Mexiko) war ein spanischer Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mateo Aleman — Mateo Alemán Mateo Alemán Mateo Alemán (né à Séville en 1547 et mort au Mexique vers 1620) est un écrivain espagnol, surtout connu comme auteur du célèbre roman picaresque Guzman d Alfarache …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mateo Alemán — (né à Séville en 1547 et mort au Mexique vers 1620) est un écrivain espagnol, surtout connu comme auteur du célèbre roman picaresque Guzman d Alfarache[1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mateo Alemán — Aleman is sometimes used to refer to German. Mateo Alemán Mateo Alemán y de Enero (Seville, Spain, 1547 – 1615? in Mexico) was a Spanish novelist and writer. He graduated at Seville University in 1564, studied later at Salamanc …   Wikipedia

  • Alemán — Aleman ist der Name von Personen: Arnoldo Alemán, Präsident von Nicaragua Fedora Alemán (* 1912), venezolaniasche Sängerin (Sopran) Mateo Alemán, (16. Jh.), spanischer Schriftsteller Miguel Alemán Valdés, Präsident von Mexiko Filme: Dr. Alemán,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mateo — mateo, a. m. y f. coloq. Chile. Persona que estudia mucho. * * * Mateo, Maestro …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Aleman — Aleman, Mateo, geb. zu Sevilla, Secretär bei der Hofstaatskasse des Königs Philipp II.; mußte diese Stelle aufgeben u. ging nach Mexiko, wo er um 1610 starb. Er schrieb u. a. den Schelmenroman: Atalaya de la vida humana, nachher betitelt Guzmann… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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